CHRONOLOGY OF A KINGDOM
Thailand is one of the rare countries never to have been colonized by another powerful foreign nation.
The country was even named Meang Thai which means “country of free men“, a very sought-after name because The Kingdom of Siam always evaded colonization although there were many wars and invasions.
Throughout history, until the 10th century, Thailand was populated by different waves of migrants coming from the Chinese territories (Khemer, Mono, Thai) from the 9th century on wards after creating their capital Angkor.
Cambodians became the masters of South East Asia, but after an autocratic regime that lasted 4 centuries came to an end, and the death of their last important and powerful Cambodian Sovereign, certain Thai leaders took the chance to claim their independence.
Sri Indraditya was proclaimed as the first King of Thailand and his second son, Ban Mueang became the founder of the Thai Nation after subjecting many local chiefs and setting up The Kingdom of Sukhothai.
The existence of this Kingdom was very short but essential for the unification of this nation with the introduction of the Thai alphabet, the spreading of Buddhism and the creation of an original artistic style that still lasts to this day. These foundation stones made it possible for Thai people to create their own national identity.
The death of this founding father was followed by the creation of the Ayutthaya Empire.